Curly-Coated Retriever AKC Breed Standard
From The American Kennel Club
This smartly upstanding, multi-purpose
hunting retriever is recognized by most canine historians as one of the oldest of the retrieving breeds. Developed in England,
the Curly was long a favorite of English gamekeepers. Prized for innate field ability, courage and indomitable perseverance,
a correctly built and tempered Curly will work as long as there is work to be done, retrieving both fur and feather in the
heaviest of cover and the iciest of waters. To work all day a Curly must be balanced and sound, strong and robust, and quick
and agile. Outline, carriage and attitude all combine for a grace and elegance somewhat uncommon among the other retriever
breeds, providing the unique, upstanding quality desired in the breed. In outline, the Curly is moderately angulated front
and rear and, when comparing height to length, gives the impression of being higher on leg than the other retriever breeds.
In carriage, the Curly is an erect, alert, self-confident dog. In motion, all parts blend into a smooth, powerful, harmonious
symmetry. The coat, a hallmark of the breed, is of great importance for all curlies, whether companion, hunting or show dogs.
The perfect coat is a dense mass of small, tight, distinct, crisp curls. The Curly is wickedly smart and highly trainable
and, as such, is cherished as much for his role as loyal companion at home as he is in the field.
Ideal height at withers: dogs, 25 to 27 inches; bitches, 23 to 25 inches. A clearly superior
Curly falling outside of this range should not be penalized because of size. The body proportions are slightly off square,
meaning that the dog is slightly longer from prosternum to buttocks as he is from withers to ground. The Curly is both sturdy
and elegant. The degree of substance is sufficient to ensure strength and endurance without sacrificing grace. Bone and substance
are neither spindly nor massive and should be in proportion with weight and height and balanced throughout. The original English
Standard for the breed states Size: Desirable height at withers: dog 68.58 cms (27"), bitches 63.50 cms (25")
The head is a longer-than-wide wedge, readily
distinguishable from that of all other retriever breeds, and of a size in balance with the body. Length of foreface is equal,
or nearly equal, to length of backskull and, when viewed in profile, the planes are parallel. The stop is shallow and sloping.
At the point of joining, the width of foreface may be slightly less than the width of the backskull but blending of the two
should be smooth. The head has a nearly straight, continuous taper to the nose and is clean cut, not coarse, blocky or cheeky.
Expression--Intelligent and alert. Eyes--Almond-shaped, rather large but not too prominent.
Black or brown in black dogs and brown or amber in liver dogs. Harsh yellow eyes and loose haws are undesirable. Ears--
Rather small, set on a line slightly above the corner of the eye, and lying close to the head. Backskull--Flat
or nearly flat. Foreface--Muzzle is wedge-shaped with no hint of snipiness. The taper ends mildly, neither acutely pointed
nor bluntly squared-off but rather slightly rounding at the bottom. Mouth is level and never wry. Jaws are long and strong.
A scissors bite is preferred. Teeth set straight and even. The lips are tight and clean, not pendulous. The nose is fully
pigmented; black on black dogs, brown on liver dogs. Nostrils are large.
Different body types
Neck, Topline, Body
Neck--Strong and slightly arched, of medium
length, free from throatiness and flowing freely into moderately laid-back shoulders. Backline--The back, that portion of
the body from the rear point of the withers to the beginning of the loin, is strong and level. The loin, that part of the
body extending from the end of the rib cage to the start of the pelvis, is short and muscular. The croup, that portion of
the body from the start of the pelvis to the tail set-on, is only slightly sloping. Body-- Chest is decidedly deep and not
too wide, oval in cross-section, with brisket reaching elbow. While the impression of the chest should be of depth not width,
the chest is not pinched or narrow. The ribs are well-sprung, neither barrel-shaped nor slab-sided, and extend well back into
a deep, powerful loin with a moderate tuck-up of flank. Tail--Carried straight or fairly straight, never
docked, and reaching approximately to the hock. Never curled over the back and should not be kinked or crooked. Covered with
curls and, if trimmed, tapering toward the point.
Shoulder blades are very long, well covered with muscle, and are moderately laid back at about a 55 degree angle.
The width between shoulder blades is adequate to allow enough flexibility to easily retrieve game. Upper arm bones are about
equal in length with shoulder blades and laid back at approximately the same angle as the blades, meaning the forelegs are
set under the withers. The equal length of shoulder blade and upper arm bone and the balanced angulation between the two allows
for good extension of the front legs. The forelegs are straight with strong, true pasterns. Feet are round and compact, with
well-arched toes and thick pads. Front dewclaws are generally removed. Hindquarters
Strong and in balance
with front angulation. Thighs are powerful with muscling carrying well down into the second thigh. Stifle is of moderate bend.
The hocks are strong and true, turning neither in nor out, with hock joint well let down. Rear dewclaws are generally removed.
The coat is a distinguishing
characteristic and quite different from that of any other breed. The body coat is a thick mass of small, tight, crisp curls,
lying close to the skin, resilient, water resistant, and of sufficient density to provide protection against weather, water
and punishing cover. Curls also extend up the entire neck to the occiput, down the thigh and back leg to at least the hock,
and over the entire tail. Elsewhere, the coat is short, smooth and straight, including on the forehead, face, front of forelegs,
and feet. A patch of uncurled hair behind the withers or bald patches anywhere on the body, including bald strips down the
back of the legs or a triangular bald patch on the throat, should be severely penalized. A looser, more open curl is acceptable
on the ears. Sparse, silky, fuzzy or very harsh, dry or brittle hair is a fault. Trimming--Feathering may
be trimmed from the ears, belly, backs of forelegs, thighs, pasterns, hocks, and feet. On the tail, feathering should be removed.
Short trimming of the coat on the ear is permitted but shearing of the body coat is undesirable.
Black or liver. Either color is correct. A prominent
white patch is undesirable but a few white hairs are allowable in an otherwise good dog.
Same CCR at 7 weeks
and as an adult
The dual function of the Curly as both
waterfowl retriever and upland game hunterdemands a dog who moves with strength and power yet is quick and agile. The ground-covering
stride is a well-coordinated melding of grace and power, neither mincing nor lumbering. The seemingly effortless trot is efficient
and balanced front to rear. When viewed from the side, the reach in front and rear is free-flowing, not stilted or hackneyed.
When viewed from the front or rear, movement is true: the front legs turn neither in nor out and the rear legs do not cross.
Well-developed, muscular thighs and strong hocks do their full share of work, contributing to rear thrust and drive. The extension
in front is strong and smooth and in balance with rear action. Balance in structure translates to balance in movement and
is of great importance to ensure soundness and endurance; extremes of angulation and gait are not desirable.
Self-confident, steadfast and proud, this active, intelligent
dog is a charming and gentle family companion and a determined, durable hunter. The Curly is alert, biddable and responsive
to family and friends, whether at home or in the field. Of independent nature and discerning intelligence, a Curly sometimes
appears aloof or self-willed, and, as such, is often less demonstrative, particularly toward strangers, than the other retriever
breeds. The Curly's independence and poise should not be confused with shyness or a lack of willingness to please. In the
show ring, a correctly-tempered Curly will steadily stand his ground, submit easily to examination, and might or might not
wag his tail when doing so. In the field, the Curly is eager, persistent and inherently courageous. At home, he is calm and
affectionate. Shyness is a fault and any dog who shies away from show ring examination should be penalized. Minor allowances
can be made for puppies who misbehave in the show ring due to overexuberance or lack of training or experience.
United Kennel Club Standard
HISTORY Depending on whose version
you follow determines what breeds were used in the development of the Curly-Coated Retriever. Some say the Poodle, Irish Water
Spaniel, the Newfoundland and the Irish Setter. Whatever the source(s), the breed was first exhibited at England's Birmingham
dog show in 1860.
The Curly-Coated Retriever was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1960.
A graceful black or liver curly-coated
dog, about 25 to 27 inches at the withers, the Curly-Coated Retriever gives the impression of being the highest on leg and
the most elegant of all the Retrievers. In proportion, he is slightly longer from the prosternum to buttocks than he is tall,
from withers to ground. His carriage is upstanding, and he gives the impression of an alert, self-confident dog capable of
Active, intelligent and responsive to training, the Curly-Coated Retriever is both an excellent family companion
and a strong, capable working dog.
HEAD AND SKULL
The head is long and wedge-shaped, in balance with the size of the body.
SKULL - Nearly flat, tapering slightly to eyes. Clean in cheek.
- Moderate and sloping, never abrupt.
MUZZLE - Long, strong and tapering to complete
the wedge shape of the head. Never snipey or weak.
LIPS - Clean and tight.
TEETH - A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors or level bite.
EYES - Almond in shape, rather large, but not too prominent. Color black or brown in black dogs,
brown or amber in liver dogs, but never harsh or yellow.
NOSE - Black in the black dogs; brown in the liver dogs; with large, open nostrils.
EARS – Rather small, lying close to the head and set on a line slightly above the corner
of the eye. Well-covered with curls.
Should be moderately long, slightly arched, and free of throatiness.
Shoulder blades and upper arms long and well-muscled,
moderately angulated to set the legs under the withers.
FORELEGS – Straight and
strong with good, but not overdone, bone and strong pasterns. Dewclaws may be removed.
CHEST – Deep to elbow, oval in shape, not too
wide, but well-filled.
RIBCAGE – Long and well-sprung.
BACK – Strong and level.
LOIN – Short, muscular and deep,
with moderate tuck-up of flank.
CROUP – Slopes slightly to the set-on of the
and muscular, moderately angulated to balance with forequarters. Rear pasterns short and strong. Dewclaws may be removed.
Round, compact; with well-arched
short, reaching nearly to the hock joint, carried fairly straight and covered with curls. Never carried over the back.
A distinguishing characteristic
of the breed, the coat on the body should be a mass of small, crisp, tight curls with sufficient density to protect the dog
from all weather and cover conditions. Curls also completely cover the ears, neck, thighs, rear legs at least to the hock
and the tail. On the face, front of forelegs and feet, the coat is smooth and short.
Faults: Uncurled patches behind the withers, or bald patches anywhere on the body.
Spare, soft, open or brittle hair.
TRIMMING – Coat may be trimmed to present
a neat, natural, workmanlike appearance.
Black or liver. A prominent white patch on breast is undesirable, but a few white hairs allowable
in an otherwise good dog.
Males about 27 inches, females about 25 inches, but overall quality is more important than size.
Powerful, yet agile and effortless.
Good extension without exaggeration. As speed increases, legs converge towards a centerline of travel.
dog with a Disqualification must not be considered for placement in a conformation event, and must be reported to UKC.)
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.
Same CCR as a puppy
and an adult
The same CCR at
8 weeks and at 2 years
Same CCR at 7 weeks and as an
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID STANDARD : 28.07.2009.
UTILIZATION : Retriever.
FCI-CLASSIFICATION : Group
8 Retrievers, Flushing
Section 1 Retrievers.
With working trial.
GENERAL APPEARANCE : Strong, upstanding dog with a degree of elegance. Distinctive coat.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : Slightly longer in body, measured from point of shoulder to point of buttock,
than in height from withers.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Intelligent, steady,
reliable. Bold, friendly, self confident and independent. May seem aloof. HEAD : Wedge-shaped in both side and front profiles.
In proportion to body size.
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Foreface and skull
equal length. Planes of skull and muzzle parallel.
Stop : Slight.
Nose : Black in blacks and brown in livers. Jaws/Teeth : Jaws strong, with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite,
i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws
Eyes : Large, not
prominent, oval-shaped and obliquely set. Dark brown in blacks; in livers brown tone to blend with coat colour.
: Rather small, set slightly above level of eye; lying close to head, covered with small curls.
NECK : Strong and slightly arched, of medium length, free from throatiness and flowing freely into well laid back shoulders.
Topline : Strong and level.
Loins : Short, deep and powerful.
Deep with well sprung ribs, oval in cross section with brisket reaching elbow. Forechest visible. Ribs extend well back.
Underline and belly : Slight tuck up.
TAIL : Flows from topline. Should reach approximately to hock, carried straight
on a level with topline when moving.
General appearance : Forelegs straight, set well under body.
: Well laid back and muscular.
Upper arm : Upper arm and shoulder blade approximately equal in length.
(Pastern) : Strong.
Forefeet : Round, tight with well-arched toes.
General appearance : Strong, muscular.
Stifle : Moderate turn of stifle.
Hock : Well let down
and well bent.
Hind feet : Round, tight with well-arched toes.
GAIT / MOVEMENT
: Effortless, powerful gait with good extension and drive. Parallel movement. At speed, legs tend to converge.
Hair : Body coat a thick mass of small tight, crisp curls lying close
to skin, extending from occiput to tip of tail; without undercoat or bare patches. Elsewhere smooth hair.
COLOUR : Black
SIZE AND WEIGHT :
at withers: Dogs: 67,5 cm (27 ins),
Bitches : 62,5 cm (25 ins).
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded
should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform
its traditional work.
• Aggressive or overly
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.
Showing how the body changes as the same
CCR puppy matures